What is the difference between sex and gender?
Sex refers to physical or physiological differences between males and females, while gender is the extent to which one identifies as being either masculine or feminine.
True or false: A person’s sex, as determined by his or her biology, does not always correspond with his or her gender.
The term sexual orientation can be defined as:
Peggy accepts a job offer as an advertising copywriter. Her boss immediately assigns her campaigns for products such as makeup and cleaning products. Peggy asks for different clients, but her boss tells her she should stick to what she and “her kind” know best. Peggy is experiencing :
Chase grew up wanting to wear his sister’s dresses over his brother’s pants and button up shirts. When Chase turns 18, he decides to begin living as woman, though he’s still only sexually attracted to women. He decides he doesn’t want to undergo surgery. Chase is:
The term sexuality is defined by the text as:
Jenny is given a doll for 2nd birthday, while her brother, Tyrone, is given a fire truck. This is an example of gender:
What is the first agent of socialization?
When Jeanette’s parents find out her twin brother, Rex, has been sexually active, they tell him to use protection. When they found out Jeanette has been sexually active, they ground her for a month. This is an example of:
For every dollar a man makes in the United States, how much does a woman make?
When thinking about gender, Jeff sees men as the dominant social group and women the subordinate group. This exploitation of the subordinate group has created social problems, such as high rates of poverty among single mothers. Which sociological perspective best fit Jeff’s views?
The term doing gender can be defined as:
When people perform tasks based upon the gender assigned to them by society and, in turn, themselves.
When Wendy’s sorority sisters discover that Wendy is a lesbian, they hold a secret meeting to decide if Wendy should still be allowed to pledge. A handful of the sisters vote “no.” This is an example of:
Which of the following is a product of gender stereotyping?
a. Keisha’s mom encouraging her to take home economics over shop class so she can please her future husband.
b. A music store employee encouraging a young woman to study the piano or flute instead of the drums or guitar.
c. A teacher discouraging a female student from entering the military, suggesting nursing school instead.
Which of the following is NOT a product of gender stereotyping?
What is the purpose of queer theory?
In which country is sex education required in public schools?
What is the Kinsey Scale?
A six-point rating system that ranges from exclusively heterosexual to exclusively homosexual orientation.
Which of the following contributes to the myths surrounding male and female learning abilities in the classroom?
a. Praising males for right answers more often than praising females.
b. Giving males more opportunity to expand on their ideas.
c. Placing males and females in competition with each other.
d. All of the above.*
In the United States, which race would be considered the dominant group?
Which of the following is an example of racial steering?
According to the social construction of race school of thought, race is:
Adolf Hitler blaming Germany’s pre-war problems on the Jewish population is an example of:
Max believes that most people’s racial beliefs are based on images conveyed in popular media since many people never meet members of certain races for themselves. Max’s perspective is:
The term discrimination is defined in the text as:
Speedy Gonzalez is a popular cartoon character, but is widely considered an inappropriate stereotype. Many children are raised watching Speedy Gonzalez cartoons, unaware that such stereotypes are negative. This is a product of:
When Alexander, who is white, drives his car over the speed limit, a police officer lets him off with a warning. When Christopher, who is Hispanic, drives his car at the same speed as Alexander on the same road, the officer gives him a ticket, even though his record is clean. This is an example of:
President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s executive order 9066, which authorized the establishment of internment camps for anyone with as little as one-eighth Japanese ancestry following Pearl Harbor, is an example of:
The term segregation is defined in the text as:
Arizona Senate Bill 1070, often referred to colloquially as the “papers, please” law, was aimed widely at those of:
Which group within the United States has been stereotyped as the model minority?
The term assimilation is defined by the text as:
Cedric’s uncle believes that racism and discrimination have made a positive impact on society – but only in the lives of those who are members of the dominant group. Which sociological perspective is Cedric’s uncle coming from?
Which of the following is NOT an example of a stereotype?
Which of the following is an example of a stereotype?
a. Cynthia believing her best friend to be good at math because she is Asian.
b. Maria assuming her son-in-law is a heavy drinker because he is Irish.
c. Pedro assuming his neighbor likes rap music because he is African American.
True or false: The majority of American citizens are descendants of immigrants?
Ally’s father was sent to prison when she was 12 for the trafficking of narcotics; her brother was arrested when she was 13 for possession of methamphetamines. By the age of 18, Ally has been arrested three times for possession of marijuana. Which theory best describes Ally’s experience?
The term deviance can be defined as:
Jake receives a promotion at his law firm after winning an important case. This is an example of a:
Which theorist studied the power elite, and the influence they had over society?
The term crime can be defined as:
Functionalist Émile Durkheim believed some deviance within society was:
Which of the following is not a branch of the U.S. Criminal Justice System?
The term secondary deviance can be defined as:
Which of the following is an example of a negative informal sanction?
Social control is:
The regulation and enforcement of norms.
Addresses the relationship between having socially acceptable goals and having socially acceptable means to reach those goals.
Bernie Madoff, recently sentenced to 150 years in prison for creating a ponzi scheme which caused clients to lose millions of dollars, engaged in which form of crime?
True or False: Deviance is always considered a crime?
As of 2008, how many adults in the United States are in jail or prison?
Global stratification examines a myriad of different types of prejudice and inequality, while social stratification covers the social class and standing of individuals.
Immanuel Wallerstein’s classification of nations uses which set of terms?
Americans want lower prices for their consumable products, and the only way for companies to deliver those low prices is to outsource the work to cheaper laborers.
Which trend has the World Bank seen in its study of poverty in low-income nations?
Maria babysits as a form of income while she is in college. Because the amounts she gets per job are not huge, Maria never bothers to report her earnings to the IRS. Maria is a part of the
Which continent has the largest number of people living in poverty in the world?
We can be responsible consumers and research products before buying them.
Which is an effect of absolute poverty that also contributes to its cyclical nature?
An example of slavery, according to Anti-Slavery International, is:
Which factor is considered when evaluating someone’s standard of living?
What is particularly unique about the United States middle class?
Symbolic interactionists have come to the conclusion that:
Social inequality is relative and therefore, difficult to compare across cultures.