I need the following questions answered in 200 words each

I need the following questions answered in 200 words each with individual references provided 

MODULE 1

DQ1

What is a good definition of metaethics? What are the types of issues involved and questions raised by metaethics? Cite your sources from the class readings and other course materials.

DQ2

According to your textbook readings, critically evaluate the claim that “in ethical theory an action itself may not be the only factor in our assessment of that action” (Wilkens, 2011, p. 18), expressing what other factors may be involved in a person’s moral actions.

STUDY MATERIALS

Read the Introduction in The Story of Ethics: Fulfilling Our Human Nature.

Read Chapter 1 from the beginning of the chapter through the section “Theory and Life,” in Beyond Bumper Sticker Ethics.

Read “Metaethics,” which is Section 1 under the “Ethics” article, from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. URL: http://www.iep.utm.edu/ethics/#H1

Read the Introduction in Metaethics: An Introduction, by Fisher (2014). URL: https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/lib/gcu/detail.action?docID=1886850

Read “Ethics” in The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. URL: https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/cupdphil/ethics/0

MODULE 2

DQ1

According to your textbook readings, what dynamics exist between an ethical system and the underlying worldview (comprising people’s assumptions, beliefs, and actions about reality)? In what ways are worldviews and ethics related? Cite your sources from the textbooks and other course materials.

DQ2

What are two core worldview concerns/questions that every worldview seeks to answer? What particular ethical questions beg to be asked and answered, based on the responses to these worldview questions? Cite your sources from the textbooks and other course materials.

STUDY MATERIALS

Read Chapter 1 from the section titled “Ethics and Worldviews” through the end of the Chapter 1 in Beyond Bumper Sticker Ethics.

Read “The Sacred/Secular Divide and the Christian Worldview” by Kim, McCalman, and Fisher from the Journal of Business Ethics (2012). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=78333234&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Read “The Schooling of Ethics” by Hill from Educational Philosophy and Theory (2014). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ehh&AN=94796073&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Read “Science and Scientism in Biology: The Origin of Morality,” by Garte, from the Biologos website (2013). URL: https://biologos.org/articles/science-and-scientism-in-biology-the-origin-of-morality

Read “Does Evolution Compromise Human Morality?” by Haarsma from the BioLogos Forum website (2013). URL: http://biologos.org/blog/does-evolution-compromise-human-morality

For additional information, the following is recommended:

“Can We Be Good Without God?” by Beckwith located on the Veritas Forum website (2007). URL:http://veritas.org/talks/can-we-be-good-without-god/

MODULE 3

DQ1

Based on your readings, what is one primary feature of post-Enlightenment ethical relativism and how does it compare or contrast with the Christian worldview?

DQ2

According to your textbook readings, how does post-Enlightenment ethical relativism compare and contrast with that of the Sophists? What might be the reasons for the similarities, as well as for the differences?

STUDY MATERIALS

Read the Introduction, Chapter 1 (pages 5-11), and Chapter 5 in The Story of Ethics: Fulfilling Our Human Nature.

Read Chapter 2 in Beyond Bumper Sticker Ethics.

Read “Callicles and Thrasymachus” by Barney from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2011). URL: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/callicles-thrasymachus/

 Read “Relativism, Moral” by Callcut from Culture Wars: An Encyclopedia of Issues, Viewpoints, and Voice (2013). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/sharpecw/relativism_moral/0

Read “Cultural Relativism” by Gindro from Dictionary of Race, Ethnicity & Culture (2003). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/sageukrace/cultural_relativism/0

 Read “Postmodernism” by Chapman from Culture Wars: An Encyclopedia of Issues, Viewpoints, and Voice (2010). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/sharpecw/postmodernism/0

MODULE 4

DQ1

Respond to these two prompts: 

What is virtue? Why be virtuous?

DQ2

What is the strongest argument in favor of Natural Law, and why? What is the strongest argument against it, and why? Cite your sources from the class readings and other course materials.

STUDY MATERIALS

Read Chapters 8 and 11 in Beyond Bumper Sticker Ethics.

Read Part I (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle) and Part II (Augustine, Aquinas) in The Story of Ethics: Fulfilling Our Human Nature.

Read “Plato” by Kemerling from the Philosophy Pages Britannica (2011). URL:http://www.philosophypages.com/ph/plat.htm

Read “Aristotle: Ethics and the Virtues” by Kemerling from The Philosophy Pages (2011). URL: http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/2s.htm

Read “Aristotle: Ethics and the Virtues” by Kemerling from The Philosophy Pages (2011). URL: http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/2s.htm

Read “Natural Law” by Porter from the Cambridge Dictionary of Christian Theology (2011). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/cupdct/natural_law/0

MODULE 5

DQ1

According to your readings from class this week, what is one evident similarity and one marked difference between the ethical theories of Augustine and Aquinas? With which of these thinkers do you most agree (or disagree), and why?

DQ2

Christian ethicist Stanley Hauerwas encourages a prescriptive narrative ethical theory (and practice). What seems positive or helpful about this approach to ethics? What seems problematic? Cite your sources from the textbooks and other course materials. 

STUDY MATERIALS

Read Chapters 9 and 12 in Beyond Bumper Sticker Ethics.

Read Chapter 2 in The Story of Ethics: Fulfilling Our Human Nature.

Read Matthew 5-7, Philippians 2:1-16, James 1-4, and 1 Peter 4.

Read Chapter 9 “Christianity” by MacIntyre from A Short History of Ethics (2003). URL:https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/lib/gcu/reader.action?docID=165752&ppg=1

Read “Divine Command Ethics” by Bretherton from the Cambridge Dictionary of Christian Theology (2011). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/cupdct/divine_command_ethics/0

Read “Christian Ethics” by Gustafson from the Encyclopedia of Ethics (2001). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/routethics/christian_ethics/0

Read “The Theological Foundation of Christian Ethics: Methodological Issues” by Blocher from the European Journal of Theology (2015). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=110617557&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Read “Theological Ethics” by Quinn from the Encyclopedia of Ethics (2001). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/routethics/theological_ethics/0

MODULE 6

DQ2

Different views concerning human nature influence ethical thinking, morality, and justice. Based on your readings, what are the particular beliefs about human nature that differentiate the ethical theories of Thomas Hobbes, David Hume, and Immanuel Kant? How might you illustrate each perspective?

STUDY MATERIALS

Read Chapters 3-7 in Beyond Bumper Sticker Ethics.

Read Part 3 and Part 4 in The Story of Ethics: Fulfilling Our Human Nature.

MODULE 7

DQ1

Beyond Bumper Sticker Ethics reminds readers that applying ideas (theories) to actual situations is the necessary and challenging step after establishing theoretical bases. Discuss the crucial relationship between ethical theory and moral practice, considering the claim that good ideas are “valuable because they allow us to do thing well. Any good theory will be a useful tool in the laboratory of life” (Wilkens, 2011, p. 217).

DQ2

What would you present (if only given 2-3 minutes to speak or 250-300 words to write) as the primary issues concerning the ethical dilemma of illegal immigration, specifically whether the United States government should allow undocumented immigrants (persons in the country illegally) to become U.S. citizens? Review the “Opposing Viewpoints” and “Issues & Controversies” databases located under the course materials folder, as well as the website Procon.org and other scholarly resources for topic help. Cite information from these sources in your response.

STUDY MATERIALS

Read Chapter 13 in Beyond Bumper Sticker Ethics.

Read “How Has Philosophical Applied Ethics Progressed in the Past Fifty Years?” by Steinbock from Metaphilosophy (2013).

URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=84637017&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Read “What Are Applied Ethics?” by Allhoff from Science & Engineering Ethics (2011).

URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=58456530&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Read “Virtue Theory and Applied Ethics” by Van Zyl from South African Journal of Philosophy (2002).

URL:https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.4314/sajpem.v21i2.31341

Read “A Model for Ethical Decision Making” according to Scott Rae.

 Read “A Model for Ethical Decision-Making” according to H. E. Tödt.

MODULE 8

DQ1

What are some ethical dilemmas within your academic discipline, program, or area of study or interest? Do you already have clarity concerning these issues, and if not, what steps will you take toward gaining understanding and determining your position in regards to these ethical dilemmas? Draw from you research throughout this course and include citations in your response.

DQ2

What is the strongest argument in favor of using the categorical imperative (CI) for ethical decision-making in today’s pluralist society? What is the greatest weakness of CI in this regard? Cite your responses from the textbooks and other course materials.

STUDY MATERIALS

Explore the “Facts on File: Issues & Controversies” page on the Infobase Learning website. This website provides informed and contrasting viewpoints on important ethical issues and dilemmas. The site presents information useful for analyzing issues, writing research papers, and preparing for debate. Finally, it is recommended for learning the moral reasoning, underlying worldviews, and proposed solutions to ethical problems. URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://online.infobaselearning.com/Direct.aspx?aid=96349&pid=WE57

Explore the Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center website. This website provides informed and contrasting viewpoints, along with featured commentaries, on important ethical issues and dilemmas. The site presents information useful for analyzing issues, writing research papers, and preparing for debate. Finally, it is recommended for developing critical thinking skills and for learning the moral reasoning, underlying worldviews, and proposed solutions to ethical problems. URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://ic.galegroup.com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/ic/ovic/?p=OVIC&u=canyonuniv

 For additional information, the following is recommended: 

“Moral Courage in Action: Case Studies” by Lachman from Medsurg Nursing (2007). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/docview/230528210?accountid=7374

For additional information, the following is recommended: 

“Philosophy and Practical Ethics” by Satris from Global Virtue Ethics Review (2004). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/docview/235111155?accountid=7374

 For additional information, the following is recommended: 

“Casuistry: A Complement to Principle Ethics and a Foundation for Ethical Decisions” by Freeman and Francis from Counseling and Values (2006). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/docview/207568754?accountid=7374

 For additional information, the following is recommended: 

“Applying Philosophy: A Response to O’Neill” by Archard from Journal of Applied Philosophy (2009). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=43350522&site=ehost-live&scope=site

 For additional information, the following is recommended: 

“Applied Ethics: An Interdisciplinary Approach” by Vance, Harris, Parissenti, and Cromey from Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics (2015). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/docview/1726786125?accountid=7374

 For additional information, the following is recommended: 

“Integrity Systems and Professional Reporting in Police Organizations” by Miller from Criminal Justice Ethics (2010). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=rlh&AN=55309238&site=ehost-live&scope=site

 For additional information, the following is recommended: 

“The Ethics of Everyday Life: Moral Theology, Social Anthropology, and the Imagination of the Human—An Extended Review” by Hollon from Christian Scholar’s Review (2016). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=rfh&AN=ATLAn3850488&site=ehost-live&scope=site

 For additional information, the following is recommended:

“C. S. Lewis and Animal Experimentation” by Gilmour from Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith (2015). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=rfh&AN=ATLAn3838361&site=ehost-live&scope=site

 For additional information, the following is recommended:

“The Ecclesiology and Ethics Debate and the Pilgrimage of Justice and Peace: An African Perspective” by Phiri from The Ecumenical Review (2015).URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=rfh&AN=ATLAn3854869&site=ehost-live&scope=site

 For additional information, the following is recommended: 

“‘Life is Short, Medicine is Long’: Reflections on a Bioethical Insight” by Jonsen from Journal of Medicine & Philosophy (2006). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=rlh&AN=23369008&site=ehost-live&scope=site

 For additional information, the following is recommended: 

“Bioethics and the Metaphysics of Death” by Taylor from Journal of Medicine & Philosophy (2012). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=rlh&AN=83746457&site=ehost-live&scope=site

 For additional information, the following is recommended: 

“Doing Christian Ethics on the Ground Polycentrically: Cross-Cultural Moral Deliberation on Ethical and Social Issues” by Duty from Journal of The Society of Christian Ethics (2014). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=rfh&AN=ATLA0001984846&site=ehost-live&scope=site

 For additional information, the following is recommended: 

“The Ecclesiology and Ethics Debate and the Pilgrimage of Justice and Peace: An African Perspective” by Phiri from The Ecumenical Review (2015). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=rfh&AN=ATLAn3854869&site=ehost-live&scope=site

 

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