Topic – Transient ischemic attack
Your discussion thread title should be the name of the disorder. If possible, you should choose a disorder that has not been chosen by a peer. You can complete your initial post using bullet points or a short answer. In your initial post, discuss the following questions about your chosen disorder:
· Concept and Etiology: How does the disease affect the endocrine and neural body systems in particular? How does it deviate from the definition of health discussed in Module One?
· Classification: How is the disease classified?
· Clinical Manifestations (Symptoms and Signs): What are the symptoms and signs of the disease or disorder? Be sure you understand the difference between symptoms (subjective) and signs (objective).
· Diagnostic Tests: What are some additional diagnostic tests that can be done to illuminate the diagnosis? For example, when you injure your ankle, they take an X-ray to determine if it is broken or sprained.
Support your answer with relevant resources. chose two different disorder that are similar to this one – Compare and contrast your chosen disorder with this one. What are their similarities and differences?
Expert Solution Preview
Topic: Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
Transient Ischemic Attack, commonly known as mini stroke, is a temporary disruption of blood supply to a part of the brain, leading to transient neurological symptoms. In this post, we will discuss the concept and etiology of TIA, its classification, clinical manifestations, and diagnostic tests. We will also compare and contrast TIA with two similar disorders.
Concept and Etiology:
TIA affects both the endocrine and neural body systems. The disruption of blood supply leads to the inadequate supply of oxygen and other nutrients to the affected area of the brain, leading to transient neurological symptoms. TIA deviates from the definition of health discussed in Module One, which states that health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
TIA is classified as a cerebrovascular event, which includes ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. Ischemic strokes are caused by a blockage in a blood vessel, while hemorrhagic strokes are caused by bleeding in the brain.
Clinical Manifestations (Symptoms and Signs):
The symptoms of TIA include sudden weakness, numbness or paralysis on one side of the body, speech difficulties, visual changes, dizziness, and loss of balance or coordination. These symptoms typically last for a few minutes to a few hours and then resolve completely. Signs of TIA can be observed by medical professionals through neurological examinations.
Additional diagnostic tests that can be done to illuminate the diagnosis of TIA include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) scans, and ultrasound. These tests help identify the location and extent of the blockage or damage to the blood vessels.
Comparison with Similar Disorders:
Two similar disorders to TIA are ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. Ischemic stroke is caused by a blockage in a blood vessel, similar to TIA, but the symptoms of ischemic stroke are usually more severe and long-lasting. Hemorrhagic stroke is caused by bleeding in the brain, which can also lead to similar symptoms as TIA. The main difference between TIA and hemorrhagic stroke is the cause of the disruption of blood supply to the brain.
In conclusion, TIA is a temporary disruption of blood supply to a part of the brain, leading to transient neurological symptoms. It affects both the endocrine and neural body systems and is classified as a cerebrovascular event. Additional diagnostic tests such as MRI, CT scans, and ultrasound can be done to illuminate the diagnosis. TIA can be compared and contrasted with similar disorders such as ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke, with each having its distinct characteristics.
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